SCI/TECH/PSY: # Liars Can’t Suppress All Facial Expressions, # # # # Bold New Wind Farm Design More Efficient

July 21, 2011







JUL 13

Recent Comment”It strikes me that this negates one of the advantages that HAWTs give …”

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Caltech Study Says Vertical Axis Wind Turbines 10X More Efficient Than Horizontal Axis Turbines
Written by Megan Treacy on 13/07/11

Wind energy production has so far been dominated by the horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT).  They can be scaled up to reach high in the air where the wind blows faster and produce a lot of energy per turbine (a 10 MW turbine is not far away), but researchers at Caltech say that vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) may actually be the better choice.

A recent study of turbine placement and output found that because VAWTs can be placed closer together, they’re capable of generating ten times as much energy per square meter than HAWTs.

In a series of field tests that placed six VAWTs in different configurations, it was found that a spacing of four turbine diameters apart (about five meters) got rid of any aerodynamic interference between the turbines.  HAWTs require 20 turbine diameters of spacing in order to eliminate aerodynamic interference, equaling more than a mile between each turbine. The six VAWTs were able to produce 21 to 47 watts of power per square meter, while a comparable HAWT farm only produces about two to three watts per square meter.

The study also found that having each VAWT spin in the opposite direction of its neighbor allowed them to spin faster because the opposing spins reduced the drag on each turbine, which upped their efficiency even more.

To add to the list of benefits, VAWTs are also cheaper, smaller and less intrusive, allowing them to be installed in lots of places where large HAWTs just wouldn’t do.

via Caltech

Atlantis landed safely at Kennedy Space Center at 5:56 am (0956 GMT)

The shuttle Atlantis cruised home for a final time Thursday, ending its last mission to the International Space Station and closing a 30-year chapter in American space exploration. More »End of an era for US spaceflight as Atlantis lands

Climate change could increase the scale of natural disasters while at the same time threatening world security

Climate change is generating an “unholy brew” of extreme weather events that threaten … More »UN says climate change threatens world security

A Soyuz rocket is erected on the launch pad of the Russian leased Kazakhstan's Baikonur cosmodrome

Moscow on Thursday declared it was now “the era of the Soyuz” after the US shuttle’s last … More »Russia declares ‘era of Soyuz’ after shuttle

Tech News Headlines

Hackers claim to breach NATO security

A group of computer hackers on Thursday claimed to have breached NATO security and accessed hoards of restricted material. More »Hackers claim to breach NATO security

Intel corporate offices are seen Tuesday, July 19, 2011, in Santa Clara, Calif. Intel Corp. reports quarterly financial results Wednesday, July 20, after the market close.(AP Photo/Ben Margot)

The changing face of the computer industry was on display Wednesday as two companies representing … More »Intel, Qualcomm show changing face of computing

A Toyota car stops automatically before a dummy, during a pre-collision system test in the demonstration of its safety technologies in Susono near Mount Fuji, west of Tokyo, Japan, Thursday, July 21, 2011. In the new system, Toyota uses cameras and a super sensitive radar called "millimeter-wave," both installed in the front of the vehicle, to detect possible crashes such as a pedestrian crossing the road.  (AP Photo/Koji Sasahara)

Toyota is developing a safety technology that takes control of the steering so the vehicle … More »Toyota’s new pre-crash technology directs steering


When a Leader Aims to Please

By Maggie Craddock on July 21, 2011 in Power Styles


It’s amazing how much one troubled employee can undermine a department’s productivity.  A staff member who routinely makes cutting remarks, elevates him or herself at the expense of others or spreads undermining gossip can sink a department’s morale faster than the iceberg that brought down the Titanic.  Suddenly, otherwise positive and productive team members be Read More


Do You Feel Like a Stranger to Yourself?

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Legal Drugs That Can Kill You

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College graduates are moving home, the place they would least like to be. The reason-it’s the economy, stupid! Dylan Suher, a recent college graduate defines his moving home as a failure. “The feeling that the natural order of life-that you become an adult and then you leave home-has been disrupted.” (New York Times, July 17, 2011, SR, p. 7). But college students are not alone. Read More


5 Reasons for the Joy of Craft, or, Why Is Computer Programming Fun?

By Gretchen Rubin on July 21, 2011 in The Happiness Project

I recently read (sort of) Frederick Brooks’s The Mythical Man-Month. As I understand it, this book is a cult classic, and I was very curious to read it. It’s about software project management, and even though that’s a subject about which I know nothing, I found the book very interesting — that is, the parts I could understand. Read More


Do mean girls ever grow up?

The “mean girl” mother was in the PTA and prevented me from being a room mother and even lost some of my son’s paper work for school. Her husband runs youth sports. This spring, her husband “lost” my youngest son’s paperwork for summer baseball tryouts so he never got to try out for the “A” team. Read More


Old Scripts Find Fresh Face

By Frances Cohen Praver, Ph.D. on July 21, 2011 in Love Doc

Emma and Curt seemed to be the perfect couple. Diminutive in size but hardly in personality, Emma was vivacious, outspoken, and feisty. Complimenting her, Curt, a stalwart looking man, was introverted, taciturn, and mild-mannered. Their differences seemed to work for them on the surface. Read More

Child Development

Parenting: The Best Messages to Send Your Children

By Jim Taylor, Ph.D. on July 21, 2011 in The Power of Prime

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Sport and Competition

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Three Steps to Handling the Unexpected

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Cultural Differences In Judging Character

By David DeSteno, Ph.D. on July 20, 2011 in Out of Character

The minds of many people are ready and willing to engage in a phenomenon psychologists term spontaneous trait inference – the readiness to bind a single personality descriptor or action to a new person. But is this a basic human response, or is it a cultural one? Read More

Child Development

Relationships: Tending to the Garden

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9 Easy Ways to Create Ideas

By Michael Michalko on July 20, 2011 in Creative Thinkering

9 easy ways to create a lot of ways fast by applying a checklist of nine questions. Read More


Is Success A Choice?

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Law and Crime

Deviance Is Alive and Well

By Dr. Patti Adler on July 20, 2011 in The Deviance Society

Deviance is alive and well and the Doctors of Deviance are here to tell you why Read More


Marriage and Child Development

By Laurie Essig, Ph.D. on July 20, 2011 in Love, Inc

In the US we are confronted over and over again with the claim that marriage is necessary for the health and well-being of children. Just last week, the New York Times magazine ran an article suggesting that while monogamy is not important for marriage, keeping marriage together for the kids IS the most important goal we can have. Quoting gay sexpert Dan Savage, the article argues: Read More


Improve Your Trust Building Odds

The rules have changed. In an era where intellectual property is the competitive edge for most organizations, not knowing critical information is a trust buster. But communication that builds trust at work differs from what you might text, tweet, or post. Read More


Dealing with Rejection Part 1: Handling Others’ Rejecting Behavior

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Child Development

The Juno Effect – Media, Teens and Pregnancy

I had a friend in high school. Let’s call her Rachael. She got pregnant with her on-and-off boyfriend. I knew about it. But I was one of the very few.

She dropped from sight, “went away”, and came back as though nothing changed. But everything clearly had. If others suspected, they didn’t ask. Read More

Child Development

Top 10 Reasons to Teach Your Baby or Toddler to Read

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Animal Behavior

Why Does My Neutered Dog Mount Other Dogs?

Although mounting behavior or “humping” seems to be an explicitly sexual response, it appears most frequently in dogs as an expression of social dominance. Read More


Why Not Sensing a Need for God Doesn’t Prove His Nonexistence

By Michael W. Austin on July 20, 2011 in Ethics for Everyone

While the wealthy citizen of a developed welfare state may not sense a need for God, what if, nonetheless, God exists? Read More


Intuition & Your Wellbeing: How to Choose the Right Doctor

By Judith Orloff, M.D. on July 20, 2011 in Emotional Freedom

Many of us have stuck far too long with a health care practitioner when we didn’t follow our intuition on whether they were a good fit for our needs. Who you let touch your body, prescribe medications, and counsel you about vital health strategies is one of the most important decisions you’ll ever make. Read More


Your Vacation: A How-To Guide

It may seem ludicrous to need a How-To Guide for a vacation, but since I have returned from my vacation on Sunday (awesome), I have realized that many people think that a vacation is just a change in location.


It’s not.

Read More

Race and Ethnicity

Asians Behaving Badly

By Moses Ma on July 20, 2011 in The Tao of Innovation

Why are Asians, usually so polite and reserved, now suddenly getting all feisty? Read More

Animal Behavior

Slaughtering Sentience: Rampant killing of wildlife by our government continues

By Marc Bekoff on July 20, 2011 in Animal Emotions

Wildlife Services, a branch of the United States Department of Agriculture, ruthlessly kills millions of animals. In 2010 they slaughtered more than five million animals and spent more than $126 million to do so with no concern for the well-being of their victims. The amount of pain, suffering, and death for which they’re responsible is reprehensible. Read More


ADHD: An inflammatory condition

By Dr. Barry Sears on July 20, 2011 in In the Zone

Explore the role of diet in the induction of inflammatory responses. Read More


Selfish vs. Self-ish: What’s the Really BIG Difference?

No question but that the whole notion of selfishness is devoid of positive connotation. Arguing that it warrants being viewed as virtuous (as does Ayn Rand) is, finally, about as convincing as Gordon Gekko’s egomaniacal affirmation that “greed is good.” Read More

Ethics and Morality

The Moral Logic of Survivor Guilt

By Nancy Sherman, Ph.D. on July 20, 2011 in Stoic Warrior

If there is one thing we have learned from returning war veterans – especially those of the last decade – it’s that the emotional reality of the soldier at home is often at odds with that of the civilian public they left behind. Read More

Heavy Relative of the Neutron Discovered

Scientists have observed a new particle, the neutral Xi-sub-b. This particle contains three quarks: a strange quark, an up quark and a bottom quark (s-u-b). While its existence was predicted by the Standard Model, the observation of the neutral …  > full story
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Breakthrough in Quantum Computing: Researchers Develop System That Resists ‘Quantum Bug’

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Movement of Black Holes Powers Quasars, the Universe’s Brightest Lights

Research finds that black holes’ spin and lateral movement can power bright jets of light known as quasars. …  > full story
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Prehistoric Crocodile Terminonaris Was Texas Native, Fossil Suggests

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Bold New Approach to Wind ‘Farm’ Design May Provide Efficiency Gains

Conventional wisdom suggests that because we’re approaching the theoretical limit on individual wind turbine efficiency, wind energy is now a mature technology. But researchers have recently revisited some of the fundamental …  > full story
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NASA’s Hubble Discovers Another Moon Around Pluto

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First Artificial Neural Network Created out of DNA: Molecular Soup Exhibits Brainlike Behavior

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Ancient Footprints Show Human-Like Walking Began Nearly 4 Million Years Ago

Scientists have found that ancient footprints in Laetoli, Tanzania, show that human-like features of the feet and gait existed almost two million years earlier than previously thought. …  > full story
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Be Still My Eyebrows: Liars Under Scrutiny Can’t Completely Suppress Facial Expressions, Researchers Say

Researchers studying the faces of people lying when in high-stakes situations have good news for security experts. A new study reports that although liars can reduce facial actions when under …  > full story
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Engineering Excitable Cells for Studies of Bioelectricity and Cell Therapy

By altering the genetic makeup of normally “unexcitable” cells, bioengineers have turned them into cells capable of generating and passing electrical current. …  > full story
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